Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area

The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area (粵港澳大灣區) is an initiative to create greater integration between nine cities in the Pearl River Delta along with Macau and Hong Kong.

What could be the benefits of the Greater Bay Area?

  • Integrating Hong Kong’s world-class legal, professional and institutional systems
  • Integrating Guangdong’s global scale manufacturing and resources
  • Drawing global talent to an exciting new region
  • Creating a better “brand” that attracts new investment and global industry
  • Free flow of workers and travelers between the regions/cities
  • Greater development of universities across the region
  • Greater tourism resource development and cross promotion
  • Greater infrastructure development

In a nutshell, lowering the barriers to the movement of people, information, and capital.


What cities and regions will form the Greater Bay Area?

The Greater Bay Area is comprised of the two Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macao plus nine municipalities located in Guangdong Province being Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Foshan, Huizhou, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Jiangmen and Zhaoqing.


Greater Bay Area Facts


  • Combined Population: 66.72 million
  • Combined Area: 56,000 sq. km
  • Combined GDP: 1.3 trillion USD
  • The Greater Bay Area accounts for 12% of China’s GDP


Overview of the Greater Bay Cities – with links to city guides


Hong Kong 香港 – An international city, tourist destination, finance hub and highly regarded for its legal expertise and institutions.
Macau 澳门 – A popular tourist destination for it’s unique Chinese/Portuguese heritage and casinos.
Dongguan 东莞市 – Known for being the “worlds factory” and for its cultural attractions
Foshan 佛山市 – Known for ceramics and furniture production it also features cultural and historical attractions inc Bruce Lee’s Ancestor’s House.
Guangzhou 广州市 – Capital of Guangdong, International trade base, and home to the regions leading cultural & historical attractions.
Huizhou 惠州市 – A tourism city, home to the Taoist Luofu Mountain, Pinghai Ancient City, hot spring and beach resorts, and the beautiful Xunliao Bay
Jiangmen 江门市 – A well-known hometown of overseas Chinese, famous for its Kaiping Diaolou and Villages
Shenzhen 深圳市 – The gateway of China’s opening up and reform, hi-tech industry base, economic powerhouse, and home to the scenic Dapeng Bay coastal area and beaches.
Zhaoqing 肇庆市 – Famous for the beauty and fresh air of nearby Dinghu Mountain, and the Star Lake Scenic Area.
Zhongshan 中山市 – A key manufacturing base that attracts a lot of overseas investment and expats.
Zhuhai 珠海市 – A tourism city that is known for its long coastline, islands, hot springs. It is also an SEZ with a focus on textiles and electronics.


Transport in the Greater Bay Area

There is a stated goal of creating a “one hour life circle” through modern transport infrastructure where people can live and work in different cities and easily commute between areas. The transport infrastructure investment is immense including expansion and modernization of rail, highway, bridges, and ports.


High-Speed Intercity Train Routes in the Greater Bay Area

Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link 广深港高速铁路
Main Stations: West Kowloon Station – Futian Station – Shenzhen North Station – Humen Station – Guangzhou South Station

Guangzhou–Shenzhen railway 广深铁路
Main Stations: Guangzhou Station – Guangzhou East Station – Changping Station (Dongguan) – Shenzhen Station (Luohu)

Guangzhou–Foshan–Zhaoqing intercity railway (Guangfozhao) 广佛肇城际轨道交通
Main Stations: Guangzhou Station – Foshan West Station – Dinghu East Station – Zhoaqing Station

Dongguan–Huizhou intercity railway (Guanhui) 莞惠城际轨道交通
Main Stations: Wanhong Station (Dongguan) – Changping South (Dongguan) – Xiaojinkou Station (Huizhou)

Guangzhou–Zhuhai intercity railway (Guangzhu) 广珠城际
Main Stations: Guangzhou South Station – Shunde Station (Foshan) – Xiaolan Station (Zhongshan) –  Jiangmen East Station (spur line) – Zhongshan Station – Zhuhai Station.


Intercity Rail Lines under construction

  • Guangzhou–Foshan circular intercity railway (Guangfo ring) 广佛环城际轨道交通
  • Foshan–Dongguan intercity railway 佛莞城际轨道交通
  • Guangzhou–Dongguan–Shenzhen intercity railway (Suiguanshen) 穗莞深城际轨道交通
  • Guangzhou–Qingyuan intercity railway (Guangqing) 广清城际轨道交通
  • Zhuhai–Zhuhai Airport intercity railway (Zhuji) 珠机城际轨道交通


The region has four major international airports which all have easy transport connections to cities in the GBA (Links to airport transport guides).

The New Foshan Airport is under construction.


Ferry Passenger Ports

Ferries are a convenient and fast way to transfer between airports and the cities of the Greater Bay.

In Shenzhen

  • Shekou (Shenzhen)
  • Fuyong (Shenzhen Airport)

In Guangzhou

  • Guangzhou Lianhuashan
  • Guangzhou Nansha

In Macau

  • Macau (Taipa)
  • Macau (Outer Harbour)

In Hong Kong

  • Skypier (Hong Kong International Airport)
  • Sheung Wan (Hong Kong)
  • Tuen Mun (Hong Kong)
  • China Ferry Terminal (Hong Kong)
  • HK-Macau Ferry Terminal (Hong Kong)

Other Ferry Ports in Guangdong Province GBA cities

  • Zhuhai Jiuzhou
  • Doumen (Zhuhai)
  • Zhongshan
  • Shunde (Foshan)
  • Jiangmen


Cross-Border Coaches Between Mainland and HK/Macau

There are cross-border coaches operated by several companies that have boarding and departure points across many locations in Hong Kong including Hong Kong Airport. They travel to/from cities including Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Foshan, Dongguan, Huizhou, Zhuhai, Macau, Jiangmen and more. See the city guide links in the list of Greater Bay cities for more info on stations and routes in each particular city.


Intercity Coach

Every city in Guangdong is connected by intercity buses. See the city guide links in the list of Greater Bay cities for more info on stations and routes in each particular city.


The Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macao Bridge

Take a bus from Hong Kong to Zhuhai via the bridges shuttle service (HZMB Bus), a cross-border coach, or taxi. More details here


The Shenzhen–Zhongshan Bridge 深中大桥

Currently, under construction, the 51km eight-lane link will consist of bridges and tunnels that will connect Shenzhen from Shenzhen Bao’an International Airport to the western side of Zhongshan reducing the traveling time between the two cities from 90 mins to 30 mins. Its expected to be completed in 2021.